Frequent Questions

Who cleans up a Superfund site?

One of EPA's top priorities is to get those responsible for the contamination (the Potentially Responsible Parties or PRPs) to clean up the site. If the PRP cannot be found, is not viable, or refuses to cooperate, EPA, the state, or tribe may cleanup the site using Superfund money. EPA may seek to recover the cost of clean up from those parties that do not cooperate.

To learn more about who is responsible for cleaning up a Superfund site, please see Cleanup Process, which provides a general overview of the entire Superfund site cleanup process or the Compliance and Enforcement section of EPA's Web site, which provides information about who is legally responsible for cleaning up hazardous waste sites.

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