Frequent Questions

What happens to a Superfund site after the cleanup is over?

Once construction of all of the ""actions"" described in all the Records of Decisions (ROD) for a Superfund hazardous waste site have been completed, the site is placed on the Construction Completion List (CCL). Periodic activities may continue at the site according to the Operations & Maintenance (O&M) procedures (e.g. operating the groundwater pump and treatment system, moving the lawn, examining the cap). Every five years after construction, as long as waste remains at the site that limits the the use of the property, EPA will assess the site to ensure that the remedy remains protective of human health and the environment. When the cleanup goals in the RODs have been met and no further response is necessary at the site, with state concurrence, EPA may delete the site from the National Priorities List (NPL). Even after a site is deleted from the NPL, the state and Potentially Responsible Parties (PRPs) may be required to perform O & M activities and EPA will need to conductfive-year reviews. For more information, please see the Superfund Cleanup Process page.

The goal of any Superfund cleanup is to turn dangerous, useless land into safe and productive land. For this reason, the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative (SRI) was created. First announced in the summer of 1999, SRI is a program to work with states, tribes, other Federal agencies, local governments, communities, land owners, lenders, developers, and parties potentially responsible for contamination to make once-contaminated land a productive part of the community. To learn more, visit the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative Web page.



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